The City of Joy
The capital of West Bengal, earlier known as Calcutta and now renamed as Kolkata is always tagged as the City of Joy. A part of the sweetest part of India, Kolkata is witness to the colonial era and since its foundation, the city has preserved the rich history with pride and pleasure. Every nook and corner reflects a unique history and it seems heritage resides in the city, being one of the oldest cities in India, Kolkata is a must-visit destination. Not just the heritage monuments, but the city is famous for numerous things from shopping, pilgrimage, the holy Ganges, cuisine, etc. Well, not to forget the most famous Durga Puja, which the entire city celebrates on a large scale and this is one of the favoured times to visit Kolkata and be part of one of the grandest celebrations.
History of kolkata
The area occupied by the present-day city encompassed three villages: Kalikata, Gobindapur, and Sutanuti. Kalikata was a fishing village; Sutanuti was a riverside weavers' village. They were part of an estate belonging to the Mughal emperor; the jagirdari (a land grant bestowed by a king on his noblemen) taxation rights to the villages were held by the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family of landowners or zamindars. These rights were transferred to the East India Company in 1698
Kolkata is famous for a variety of handicrafts, and each of them is not just unique but is exceptional in itself. Dokra work is popular for its simplicity, dynamic forms, and enchanting folk-motifs. Dolls made of clay, wood, known as Rag dolls come in various forms such as a dancing girl, bride, baul and Santhal girls figure. The most popular among all is Solapith items, terracotta art, the Conch-Shell, Batik printing on leather items such as Handbags, purses, seat covers, key holders, etc. Other famous handicrafts include Sandalwood carving, Stone Carving, Metalware Brass & Bell Metal, Wood Carvings, Mask 7 Puppet, Needle Embroidery, Artistic paintings.
Kolkata serves the best delicacies both for vegetarians and non-vegetarians. Macher Jhol tops the list without any doubt. Fish being an integral component of Bengali cuisine, usually served with plain rice is one of the must-try. Secondly, is the Kosha Mangso (dry mutton curry) which goes well with Luchi (deep-fried flatbread). A Bengali meal is not complete without lentil curry made from chana dal and is too paired up with luchi. Shukto is a typical and authentic Bengali dish, includes almost all vegetables-potato, pumpkin, bitter gourd, bottle gourd and tastes bitter and sweet. Bengali meal is incomplete without desserts, a range of desserts are available in the city such as Chomchom, Sandesh, Rasgullas, Misti Dohi, and many more. Kolkata is one such city where every corner is famous for serving some authentic food items. From authentic local Bengali cuisine to a cup of coffee in some coffee house, to telebhaja or phuckha, or rolls or the mouth-watering Biryani, Kolkata is a paradise for food lovers.
Kolkata is a haven for those who simply love shopping. Books, books and books, head to College Street, the largest book market in India. Want to experience some street shopping; Bara Bazar is an ideal spot. If you are in Kolkata, you can never miss an opportunity for saree shopping. In Kolkata, you get almost all variety of sarees from Bengal Cotton, Bengal Silk, Kanjeevaram as well as sarees from Orissa including Sambalpuri silk and Katiki silk. Apart from these, you can also grab your hands on the local handicrafts and souvenirs.
Places to Visit
Magnificent white marble memorial dedicated Queen Victoria.
Iconic Bridge was constructed in 1943.
Dakhineswar Kali Mandir
The temple is an exquisite example of Bengali architecture.
One of the 52 Shakti Peethas of India.
A science park exhibits some science topics.
Mother Teressa House
Home of India's most iconic person, Mother Teresa.
New Town Eco Park
A recreational area spread over 480 acres with ample outdoor activities to enjoy with the family.
South Park Cemetery
It contains a mix of tombs, cenotaphs, and mausoleums protected by a brick wall.
India's biggest planetarium that features the largest projection of the night sky in the dome theatre.
The museum houses ample of ornaments, fossils, ornaments, armors as well as mummies.
A central point of Ramakrishna movement, the design of the place exhibits different religions such as Hindu, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam.
Showcases the long history of the Tagore family
St. Paul's Cathedral
A large Anglican Cathedral constructed in 1697.
Victoria Memorial –
An excellent slice of history served inside a British museum, designed in the Indo-Saracenic Revival Architecture Style.
A top choice religious destination to seek the divine blessings of Goddess Kali.
Drive through the purple lit magnificence that rests above the tranquil Hooghly waters.
Beat the heat in this extensive dry & wet entertainment park suitable for all age groups.
The Indian Museum
India’s oldest museum is stacked with some of the best artifacts and is a must visit.
206.1 square km
The autumn and winter months between October and February Clothing required: Comfortable clothes. Mild warm clothing is required during winters.
Bengali, English, Hindi
Nearest Railway Station
Sealdah & Howrah
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport